Sunday, December 22, 2013

tcl: dumping tablelist data

For the tablelist widget I created a function to dump the table content to a file

proc dumpTableListToFile { tree { file preview.txt } } { 
set rowCount [$tree size]
set file_writer [open $file w+]
for { set i 0 } { $i < $rowCount } { incr i } {
set rowData [$tree get $i]
puts $file_writer $rowData
close $file_writer


tree, is the table widget, file is the file name, optional.

Monday, December 16, 2013

tcl: find widget recursively

I was doing some testing for multi container application, and same widget could exist in different containers and could have variable parent name, I created a function to find the widget recursively by the last portion of the widget name
The function I initially created
   1: proc findWidgetByName { wname {widget .mainwindow} } {    
   2:     set pattern "*.${wname}" 
   3:     #puts $widget    
   4:     set all "[winfo children $widget]" 
   5:     foreach child $all  { 
   6:         #puts "$child" 
   7:         if { [winfo viewable $child] && [string match $pattern $child] } { 
   8:                 #puts $child 
   9:                 return $child            
  10:         } else { 
  11:             return [findWidgetByName $wname $child]        
  12:         } 
  13:     } 
  14:     return 0 
  15: }

Testing the above function, it was taking the first child in each “for loop” and returning without checking other childs, with the help of my colleague, we changed it to working version

   1: proc findWidgetByName { wname {widget .mainwindow} } {    
   2:     set pattern "*.${wname}" 
   3:     #puts $widget    
   4:     set all "[winfo children $widget]" 
   5:     foreach child $all  { 
   6:         #puts "$child" 
   7:         if { [winfo viewable $child] && [string match $pattern $child] } { 
   8:                 #puts $child 
   9:                 return $child            
  10:         } else { 
  11:             set x [findWidgetByName $wname $child]        
  12:             if {  $x !=0 } { 
  13:             return $x ;            
  14:             } 
  15:         } 
  16:     } 
  17:     return 0 
  18: }

When using for loops with recursion we need to put some condition when to break the for loop execution
I have created also another version to find widgets by label, in case of buttons or labels

   1: proc findWidgetByLabel { label {widget .mainwindow} } {       
   2: set all "[winfo children $widget]"
   3:     foreach child $all  {
   4:         #puts "$child"
   5:         if {([winfo class $child]== "Label" || [winfo class $child]== "Button" ) && [winfo viewable $child] && [$child cget -text]==$label } {
   6:                 #puts $child
   7:                 return $child            
   8:         } else {
   9:             set x [findWidgetByLabel $label $child]        
  10:             if {  $x !=0 } {
  11:                 return $x ;            
  12:             }
  13:         }
  14:     }
  15:     return 0
  16: }

Same can be applied to find widget by any property

Friday, December 13, 2013

Extracting tcl treeview items

I wanted to validate treeview items after doing operations on them, like add, delete. I created 2 function to extract the items and dump into a file, next i was able to compare the extracted file with the expected values

#this function dumps the 1st level in the tree to a file
proc dumpTreeDataTags { file } {
global treeControl
    set file_writer [open $file  w+]
foreach id [$treeControl item children root] {
   set data [$treeControl item tag names $id]
   puts $file_writer $data
    close $file_writer

#this function dumps all the tree data, file is appended. File must be cleared before calling this function
proc dumpAllTreeDataTags { file { item root} } {
    global treeControl
foreach id [$treeControl item children $item] {
   set file_writer [open $file  a+]
   set data [$treeControl item tag names $id]
   puts $file_writer $data
   close $file_writer
   dumpAllTreeDataTags $file $id

Explaining the functions:
The first one, i am extracting the first level only, and saving to the file, the file is opened in write mode, and replaced every time the function is called.
The second function is using recursion to iterate starting from the root node, through the children, and then calling the function again for each children, and so on. File is opened in append mode, so that when called in recursion, the previous data written to the file is not lost

Sunday, November 10, 2013

TCL: invalid command name "else"

If you are used to traditional if-else and wrote "else" in separate line in TCL like below

if { ... } {
else {

You will get an error like me: invalid command name "else"

To get ride of this error, put the "else" and the "if" ending brackets in the same line

if { ... } {
} else {

Monday, August 5, 2013

.NET: Deserialize error while parsing the XML

I was running some Serialize and Deserialize code  online, on hackerrank , I was getting several XML parsing when calling Deserialize
The code I was using
string fileName = "file.txt";
System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer s =
    new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer(typeof(myObject));

System.IO.StreamWriter sw = new System.IO.StreamWriter(fileName, true);
s.Serialize(sw, myObject);
I was getting the below error

Unhandled Exception: System.Xml.XmlException: XML declaration cannot appear in this state

I did some search and found people talking about encoding problems, and I found some articles guiding to change the encoding, using XmlWriter instead of StreamWriter, I changed my code to below to see if this will impact my error.

System.Xml.XmlWriterSettings settings = new System.Xml.XmlWriterSettings();
settings.Encoding = new System.Text.UnicodeEncoding(false, false);
settings.Indent = true;

string fileName = "file.txt";
System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer s = new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer(typeof(myObject));
System.Xml.XmlWriter xw = System.Xml.XmlWriter.Create(fileName, settings);
s.Serialize(xw, myObject);
Error then changed, this gave me the below error

Unhandled Exception: System.Xml.XmlException: a name did not start with a legal character

Which means that the name was invalid, so I changed the encoding to be Ascii,  ASCIIEncoding

System.Xml.XmlWriterSettings settings = new System.Xml.XmlWriterSettings();
settings.Encoding = new System.Text.ASCIIEncoding();
settings.Indent = true;
System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer s = new System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializer(typeof(mybject));
System.Xml.XmlWriter xw = System.Xml.XmlWriter.Create("filename", settings);
s.Serialize(xw, myObject);
The last code run successfully, and I was able to write and read the file

Monday, June 17, 2013

Selenium: Dealing with HTML loading modal panel

While playing back a test for a java rich faces application, the test was failing in the middle, debugging and playing back step by step, the test was passing with no issues. Looking more into the steps, there was a step that is causing ajax call, and after it there is a button click step, the one that was failing was the next one after the button click. When I checked the screen, there was a loading panel displayed during the ajax call, freezing all the screen, so I figured out that when this loading panel is displayed, selenium was able to find the button and click on it, but it is not actually clicked on the UI of the application, which cause that next step after to fail.

To resolve this, first I tried to look for something to make sure the button is clickable, I found something but for Java, and doesn’t exist for .NET


My test was on IE, and when I tried it with java, I had problems creating the selenium session with the selenium IE server.

Then I thought of something else, to identify any element change in the page that tells that the ajax call is done, then I can use this before the button click, to make sure it is clickable. I looked into the html page before, during and after the ajax call and compared. Before the call and when the loading panel was not visible, I found  hidden div with ID ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer, it looked like below

<div id="ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer" class="rich-modalpanel " style="position: absolute; z-index: 100; background-color: inherit; display: none;">

when the loading panel was visible, there was a div in the body like below (same as above, but the display style is gone)

<div id="ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer" class="rich-modalpanel " style="position: absolute; z-index: 100; background-color: inherit;">

After the ajax call, the loading panel disappears and it changes back to have “display:none”

<div id="ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer" class="rich-modalpanel " style="position: absolute; z-index: 100; background-color: inherit; display: none;">

I then created a function to wait for the ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer div to be displayed, then to wait until it is hidden again like below

public void WaitForModalPanel()
string element_xpath = ".//*[@id='ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer' and not(contains(@style,'display: none'))]";
WebDriverWait wait = new WebDriverWait(driver, new TimeSpan(0, 2, 0));
element_xpath = ".//*[@id='ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer' and contains(@style,'DISPLAY: none')]";

Calling the above function before the button click, the button click was also clicked on the UI and the test was passing successfully

Sunday, June 16, 2013

Selenium: unable to locate element using style attribute with internet explorer

While developing a selenium test and running it on IE,  I was trying to locate an element on the page with xpath, selenium couldn’t find the element, I was getting exception: “NoSuchElementException: Unable to find element with xpath == ……”

I thought at the beginning that there is something wrong with my xpath string, and I kept looking into this for a while. I have installed FirePath plugin for Firefox to verify my xpath, and my xpath was working find, xpath could locate element

Finally I spotted something on selenium documentation under section “IE and Style Attributes” that says that if you are trying to locate an element with the style attribute, it might not work in internet explorer as IE interpret the style parameters in upper case differently that other browsers, so locating with style and lowercase will success in Firefox, Chrome, etc… but will fail in IE


looking back to my xpath, my element xpath was ".//*[@id='ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer' and contains(@style,'display: none')]"

Changing it to ".//*[@id='ajaxLoadingModalPanelContainer' and contains(@style,DISPLAY: none')]" my test was able to find the element successfully

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

C#: Inserting duplicates into sorted List

I wanted to have a sorted list, with the ability to have items duplicate, built in sorted collections doesn’t allow duplicate values, so I used a List, and for effeciancy, I maintained the items sorted in it while insertion, instead of calling the sort method with each insertion
To insert in the list sorted, I used the binary search method, to find the first item less then or equal to the inserted item

Suppose we have a sorted list “list”, and we want to insert item i keeping it sorted

    List<int> list= new List<int>();

    int index = list.BinarySearch(i);
    if (index < 0)
       list.Insert(~index, i);
       list.Insert(index, i);

Another way of having sorted list with duplicates is to use a normal sorted list and a custom comparer

    public class DuplicateKeyComparer<TKey>:IComparer<TKey> where TKey : IComparable
        public int Compare(TKey x, TKey y)
            int result = x.CompareTo(y);

            if (result == 0)
                return 1;   // Handle equality as being greater
            return result;

Only draw back of this method is that we can't find elements or remove, we can only iterate over them, as using the above comparer would always return 1 and won't match any elements.

Monday, April 8, 2013

Running Selenium tests from Visual Studio – Step by step

From Firefox, record new selenium test, for example for Google search


Export the test to C# web drive


This is how it looks like after export


Open visual studio, create new test project


By default the file UnitTest1.cs is created


Create a new cs file, name it for example GoogleSearch


Copy the code from the cs file generated by selenium and paste it in the file GoogleSearch.cs


Add reference in the project to Selenium .Net WebDriver, WebDriver.dll and WebDriver.Support.dl


Now the references added, you can see that the editor recognizes the selenium name spaces

using OpenQA.Selenium;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Firefox;
using OpenQA.Selenium.Support.UI;


Find and replace “TestFixture” to “TestClass”, “SetUp” to “TestInitialize()”, “Test” to “TestMethod”, “TearDown” to “TestCleanup()”


To run with Chrome, download chromedriver.exe from, place it in the bin folder


Change the driver in the code to Chrome then run the test

driver = new OpenQA.Selenium.Chrome.ChromeDriver();


Running the test, chrome will open, and Google search page will be displayed, displaying search results then closed


This was a step by step example on running selenium test from visual studio